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Glossary

Your On-Line Nutrient Glossary, compliments of Nature's Answer

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z GLOSSARY

Select the first letter of the word from the list above to jump to appropriate section of the reference guide or choose a link from the index below.

Index:
  • Acerola Berry
  • Alfalfa Grass
  • Alpha-Lipoic Acid
  • Apple Fiber
  • Astragalus
  • Barberry
  • Barley Grass
  • Beet Powder
  • Bee Pollen
  • Bilberry
  • Bio-Chelation
  • Bioperine
  • Bladderwrack
  • Borage
  • Boswellia
  • Broccoli
  • Bromelain
  • Burdock Root
  • Carob
  • Carrot
  • Carnitine
  • Cascara Sagrada
  • Cat’s Claw
  • Cayenne
  • Cherry
  • Citrin K (garcinia cambogia)
  • Chlorella
  • Cholestatin
  • Chromium Picolinate
  • Chondroitin Sulfate
  • Coenzyme Q10
  • Creatine Monohydrate
  • Dandelion Root
  • Digestive Enzymes
  • Echinacea
  • Flax Seed
  • Feverfew
  • Fenugreek
  • Folic Acid
  • Fo Ti
  • FOS
  • Ginger Root
  • Ginkgo Biloba
  • Glucosamine Sulfate
  • Glycine
  • Grape Seed Extract
  • Glycine
  • Guggulipid
  • Gymnema Sylvestre
  • Hawthorn Berry
  • Holistically Balanced
  • Horsetail
  • Jerusalem Artichoke
  • Lecithin
  • Licorice Root
  • Lysine
  • Maitake Mushroom
  • Methionine
  • Milk Thistle
  • Momordica Charantia
  • Norwegian Sea Kelp
  • Octacosanol
  • Paud’Arco
  • Probiotics
  • Pycnogenol
  • Pyruvate
  • Red Dulse
  • Reishi Mushroom
  • Rice Bran
  • Royal Jelly
  • Rose Hips
  • Rosemary
  • Sea Cucumber
  • Shiitake Mushroom
  • Siberian Ginseng
  • Slippery Elm Bark
  • Soy
  • Spinach
  • Spirulina
  • Stevia
  • Tomato
  • Tribulus Terrestris
  • Tumeric (curcuminoids)
  • Triphala
  • Tyrosine
  • Uva-Ursi
  • Watercress
  • Wheat Grass
  • White Willow Bark
  • Wild Yam
  • Yucca
  • Glossary
  • Free Radicals
  • Vitamins

  • - A -

    ACEROLA BERRY

    A bright red berry, Acerola contains the most potent source of natural vitamin C and bioflavanoids. Because the body does not store vitamin C, it must be replenished on a daily basis. The human body does not produce bioflavanoids, so they too must be supplied by the diet. Bioflavanoids work synergistically with vitamin C to protect and preserve the structure of capillary blood vessels. They help to promote circulation as well as stimulate bile production in the liver. The Acerola Berry is also very useful in the colon where it helps to balance the PH levels to allow for proper colon function.

    ALFALFA GRASS

    One of nature’s richest mineral foods, Alfalfa is also a great source of   chlorophyll which acts as a body cleanser and a natural deodorizer. Alfalfa Grass roots go down as much as 125 feet into the earth thereby absorbing rare trace minerals that most plants do not have an opportunity to absorb. Alfalfa contains potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, 8 essential amino acids, and all known vitamins! Because these minerals are in a balanced form & very alkaline, they have a neutralizing effect on the intestinal tract. Alfalfa is high in fiber, allowing it to bind to and neutralize substances that could be harmful
    to the colon.

    ALPHA-LIPOIC ACID

    An extremely powerful antioxidant that is both water and fat soluble which means it can go anywhere in the body. Helps the body to burn sugar, protects against nerve and eye lens damage from free radicals and is mostly found in red meat. Alpha-Lipoic Acid must be supplemented to the diet if red meat consumption is low.

    APPLE FIBER

    This fiber which also contains apple pectin, is a great source of both soluble and insoluble fibers. They help to cleanse the intestinal tract by gently sweeping the colon clean of compacted, putrefying, waste materials, helping to eliminate excess cholesterol & dietary toxins. Apple Fiber contains soft bulking agents which binds with bile acids and helps to normalize bowel transit time and regularity. Apple Fiber also helps to block absorption of toxic heavy metals and dietary carcinogens that get into the food chain and eventually the body. It helps to slow down the rate by which foods pass through the intestines, which allows for better nutrient absorption. This process ultimately helps to stabilize blood sugar levels.

    ASTRAGALUS

    Known to be one of the most potent herbs used to enhance the natural defense mechanism in the body; Astragalus dates back to over 2000 years! It has commonly been used for centuries by the Chinese as a tonic herb to increase “Ch’i” or “energy” in order to combat fatigue. Astragalus helps aid adrenal gland function, digestion, protect the body against harmful radiation, promote healing, and strengthen the body’s resistance to dis-ease (not at
    “ease”). Astragalus is one of nature’s most powerful adaptogens.

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    - B -

    BARBERRY

    This herb is a powerful lipotropic which helps to mobilize fat stores in the body as well as helping to prevent the accumulation of fat in an organ and aid in the detoxification of metabolic wastes and other toxins. Barberry helps to stimulate bile flow enhancing liver function as well as reducing the fat stored there. It helps to stimulate internal movement, reduces bronchial constriction, and keeps the blood free of wastes and toxins.

    BARLEY GRASS

    One of the most ancient cultivated foods; Barley Grass has been a staple human food for thousands of years! It is so rich in nutrients that it contains 30 times more Vitamin B1 than milk, 7 times more Vitamin C than oranges, 5 times more iron than spinach, as well as containing large amounts of beta carotene, potassium, calcium, and magnesium. It is a very alkaline food, which is quite neutralizing to the system. It is rich in natural enzymes especially S.O.D., which is an antioxidant enzyme that protects cells from free radicals. Barley Grass provides generous amounts of natural chlorophyll which has a purifying effect on the body enabling it to eliminate toxins that could lead to dis-ease (not at “ease”).

    BEE POLLEN

    Being a complete miracle food from nature, Bee Pollen is 35% protein, contains 18 minerals, 16 vitamins, 19 enzymes & co-enzymes, high amounts of S.O.D.(super oxide dismutase) which is an antioxidant enzyme that protects cells from free radicals which are single or groups of atoms that can cause damage to cells, impair the immune system, and lead to infections and dis-ease (not at “ease”). Free radicals can come from radiation, toxic
    chemicals, over exposure to the sun, metabolism of stored fat, stress, smoking, etc. Bee Pollen helps to promote overall healing and increase energy.

    BEET POWDER

    Being one of the best known plant sources of easily assimilated iron, Beets also contain generous amounts of vitamins A, B, C, as well as sodium, potassium, calcium, choline, phosphorus, and fiber. They help to facilitate digestion, stimulate the peristaltic activity of the bowels, and strengthen other organs such as the spleen, liver, gall bladder, and
    kidneys. By helping to stimulate the lymphatic system as well, beets help to rebuild
    and tone the liver.

    BILBERRY

    A wonderful antioxidant, Bilberry helps to increase microcirculation by stimulating new capillary formation, strengthening them, and increasing the overall health of the circulatory system. Bilberry helps to regulate blood sugar levels while helping to inhibit the growth of fungus, yeast, and bacteria.

    BIO CHELATION

    The Bio-Chelation technique describes an exclusive process that removes much of the alcohol used during the menstruum, or soaking phase, and replaces it with vegetable glycerin, yielding extracts that are either alcohol-free, or have a low alcohol content. In addition, the alcohol used in any Nature's Answer herbal extract product has the further distinction of being "organic".

    BIOPERENE

    A pure piperine extract obtained from black pepper fruits which has been shown to enhance the bioavailability of various supplements through increased absorption.

    BLADDERWRACK

    An adaptogen, this herb helps to eliminate parasites, balance the thyroid, improve the function of the kidneys, and absorb water in the intestines in order to produce bulk for proper elimination.

    BORAGE

    An excellent dietary fatty acid, Borage is used as a tonic for the adrenals by acting as a restorative agent on the adrenal cortex which helps to revive and renew the adrenal glands.

    BOSWELLIA

    Comes from a branching tree in India, the purified compound has been used in India for the treatment of chronic inflammatory arthritis. The boswellic acid in the tree called titerpenoids help to shrink inflamed tissues.

    BROCCOLI

    A major source of sulforaphane, a sulfur containing phytochemicals, (protective food factors which come from a variety of plant sources and have been found to have powerful benefits) helps to stimulate the production of enzymes which helps to detoxify the body and which act as a guard against toxic chemicals, carcinogens, and mutagens, which may
    induce chronic dis-ease (not at “ease”).

    BROMELAIN

    A natural digestive enzyme that comes from pineapple, helps to break down nutrients for better digestion and absorption. (Remember the product “Bromo-Seltzer”?) Well where do you think they got that name from?

    BURDOCK ROOT

    Although a native of Europe, Burdock grows abundantly in the United States. Burdock helps to cleanse and eliminate impurities from the blood, helps to stimulate the immune system, and is also nature’s natural diuretic which can be very soothing to the kidneys.

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    - C -

    CARNITINE

    Carnitine is an amino acid which transports fatty acids across the cell membrane into the mitochondria where they are burned for energy. Carnitine also helps to remove waste products in the mitochondria. Carnitine is manufactured in the liver and kidneys. It works to control increases in body fat stores by converting nutrients into energy. It increases the
    rate of oxidation of fats in the liver, which helps to increase HDL (good cholesterol) while decreasing LDL (bad cholesterol). Carnitine actually helps to “shuttle” fat to where it can be burned for energy. Carnitine can help affect athletic performance, energy levels, as well as the motility of sperm in a positive way.

    CAROB

    Carob is an extract from the bean pods of the Carob tree. For centuries it has been termed “St. Johns Bread” because it was believed to have sustained John the Baptist in the wilderness. Carob is very rich in many vitamins and minerals; especially calcium. It is an alkaline food and is quite flavorful.

    CARROT

    A major source of carotenoids, which are protective food components; Carrots
    contain potent antioxidant activity levels. Carrots are high in beta-carotene which is needed for tissue maintenance and repair. It is also important in the formation of bones and teeth.

    CASCARA SAGRADA

    Cascara Sagrada comes from the bark of a Western American Tree. The bark is stripped in spring and summer and then left to age for a few years. The early Spanish priests of California called it their “sacred bark”. Cascara Sagrada helps to encourage peristalsis; tone relaxed muscles of the digestive system, and cleanses the colon.

    CAT'S CLAW (UNA de GATO)

    This woody vine which comes from the amazon rain forest has been shown to help reduce swelling and inflammation of the joints. Peruvians have used this for generations.

    CAYENNE

    Also referred to as Capsicum, Cayenne comes from the pods of red chili peppers. It helps to increase the power of other herbs when taken together. Cayenne helps to improve digestion by stimulating the production of gastric juices. It helps to regulate blood flow, equalize circulation, and strengthen the heart, arteries, capillaries, and nerves. It is a wonderful general “circulatory system tonic.” Cayenne is high in vitamins A & C, as well as iron, calcium, and potassium.

    CHERRY

    A phytonutrient that contains the compound Ellagic Acid which is a phytonutrient that helps to scavenge free radicals which cause cell membrane damage. This compound interferes with certain carcinogenic compounds and belongs to the phenol group of healing food factors which are shown to inhibit the activity of compounds which initiate dis-ease (not at
    “ease”).

    *CITRIN K (garcinia cambogia)

    This particular type is a potassium salt of hydroxycitric acid as opposed to a calcium salt, and is totally water soluble. This “K Factor” plays a major role in maintaining the body’s fluid balance and heart rate. Potassium also helps to assist in muscle contractions (which is why a lack of it is usually linked to muscle cramps). It also helps to regulate the transfer of nutrients to cells, such as oxygen to the brain and calcium to the nerves. Along with sodium,
    potassium helps to regulate the water balance in the body. A pumpkin shaped fruit also known as the fruit of the Malabor Tamarind, garcinia cambogia has been used in India for centuries as a filling spice in curries. The rind of this fruit contains high levels of (-) HCA, Hydroxycitric Acid. With over 15 years of research and study; Hoffman LaRoche the large pharmaceutical giant, found it acted as an aid to weight loss by enhancing calorie burning, inhibiting fat and cholesterol accumulation, and controlling the appetite resulting in a reduced food intake. Garcinia cambogia does all of these things with no negative effect on the nervous system. It is being used widely in many diet weight loss products today.

    CHLORELLA

    Being a very ancient single cell algae, Chlorella was the earth’s first green plant and the first link in the food chain. Each cell of this plant is self sufficient and capable of life sustaining functions. Chlorella is 60% protein and contains 8 essential amino acids, and more chlorophyll per gram than any other plant in nature! Chlorella is usually “cracked cell” so as to make it very bioavailable. In just one tablespoon it provides 300% of the RDA for Vitamin B12 and Vitamin C, and is quite rich in beta carotene! Due to it’s rapid growth, and the abundance of nutrients, Chlorella offers many benefits; protection against toxic pollutants, pesticides, drug chemicals, and atmospheric radiation; power lines, microwaves, computers, & television.

    **CHOLESTAIN

    A rich source of beta-sitosterols which are fatty alcohols which cannot be absorbed by the body. In the intestines, they combine with secreted  cholesterol, form a crystalline matrix, and are then lost in the feces.

    CHONDROITIN SULFATE

    A hydrolyzed collagen which supplies amino acid raw materials needed to repair collagen and help manufacture chondrocytes. (Cells which manufacture chondrin, which is used to build cartilage).

    CHROMIUM PICOLINATE

    A wonderful mineral that helps the body utilize insulin properly resulting in stabilized blood sugar levels. It is difficult to get the proper chromium in the diet due to the lack of it in the soil and water supply as well as diets that tend to be high in white flour and sugar. Chromium Picolinate improves the absorption of glucose into the cells making it more useful for energy. It also helps to increase lean tissue in the body promoting growth of lean muscle, and helps to normalize fat storage by improving utilization for energy.

    COENZYME Q10

    Because it is very similar to the structure of vitamin E, CoQ10 is a powerful antioxidant/vitamin found in human tissue. It plays an important role in the effectiveness of the immune system and the aging process. CoQ10 helps to improve the efficiency of energy production while helping to boost existing immune cell capacities. A deficiency in this powerful nutrient may cause health problems. Sardines, salmon, and mackerel, are the best food sources of this amazing nutrient.

    CREATINE MONOHYDRATE

    Naturally found in red muscle tissue, creatine helps ATP (adenosine triphosphate, the muscles major energy source) to actually recycle itself. Both during and after workouts creatine has been shown to help optimize energy turnover in the muscle tissue resulting in more energy during intense exercise, and faster recovery.

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    - D -

    DANDELION ROOT

    Dandelion is very high in iron, calcium, and potassium. It also helps to cleanse the blood stream, remove excess fluids, promote digestive regularity, and improve the function of the pancreas, spleen, kidneys, and bladder. Dandelion helps to stimulate bile production, which in turn helps with overall liver function.

    DIGESTIVE ENZYMES

    Essential for maintaining proper functions of the body as well as repairing tissues and digesting foods, enzymes are found in all living matter, life could not be sustained without them. Raw foods supply live enzymes to the body while cooked foods have none. Even though the body manufactures enzymes for digestion, quite often an adequate supply of enzymes for metabolic processes may be lacking. Supplementing the diet with enzymes could be beneficial. The enzyme Amylase is found in saliva and breaks down carbohydrates. Protease is found in stomach juices and helps to break down proteins. Lipase helps to digest fat. Bromelain is a proteolytic enzyme that works on proteins while Papain breaks them down into even smaller components. Enzymes can come from plant based sources as well as animal sources.

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    - E -

    ECHINACEA

    This biologically active plant, also known as “Coneflower”, is native to the United States and was once used by the Indians of the Central Plains. Due to it’s spine-like appearance, it was named “Echinacea” by German botanist Conrad Moench in 1774. Echinacea comes from “Echinos”, the Greek word for sea urchin. By the 1800’s Echinacea was extremely powerful in strengthening the immune and lymphatic systems in the body.

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    - F -

    FENUGREEK

    Once used by ancient Greeks and Egyptians, Fenugreek dates back 1000 years. By being both an emollient and a demulcent, it has been found to help reduce blood glucose levels, lubricate the stomach, and soothe mucous membranes.

    FEVERFEW

    This has been shown to be helpful in reducing inflammation and pain.

    FLAX SEED

    An excellent source of Omega 3 Fatty Acids or E.F.A.’s. These fats must be supplemented by the diet because the body does not manufacture them. E.F.A.’s are found in high concentrates in the brain, and are necessary for normal brain function. The most essential of the E.F.A.’s is linoleic acid, which flax is high in. Flax is also rich in the B vitamins, zinc, magnesium, potassium, and fiber; both soluble and insoluble. This helps to keep cholesterol low and remove toxins and heavy metals from the body. Natural food sources of Omega 3 include; salmon, mackerel, herring, and sardines.

    FOLIC ACID

    Known to be a brain food, Folic Acid is essential in the body for production of   energy and red blood cell formation. It also helps regulate fetal development of nerve cells which is needed for proper growth and development. Folic Acid helps reduce levels of homocysteine (an amino acid) in the body. It is now known that homocysteine levels tend to increase with age and that these high levels contribute to the breakdown of arterial walls which can lead to heart dis-ease (not at “ease”).

    FO TI

    The Chinese name for this herb is Ho-Sho-Wu, and it is one of the Chinese main herbal tonics. Fo Ti is second only to Ginseng in traditional Chinese usage. Fo Ti helps to rejuvenate the endocrine gland, which in turn helps to strengthen the body and enhance the immune system.

    FOS - FRUCTO-OLIGOSACCHARIDES

    A preferred food source for friendly intestinal bacteria, FOS comes primarily from; Jerusalem artichokes, asparagus, and soybeans. FOS acts as a strong synergist for the implantation and growth of friendly bacteria. FOS is a plant sugar which is non-digestible to humans. FOS passes through the digestive system unchanged until they reach the large intestine. FOS is also a top rate blood sugar regulator.

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    - G -

    GINGER ROOT

    Ginger helps in absorbing toxins, cleansing the body, and aids in digestion (helps to remove gas from the intestinal tract). Ginger helps to alleviate nausea and also aids in the utilization of other herbs.

    GINGKO BILOBA

    This ancient wonder herb has been used in Chinese practices for over 3000 years. It comes from the oldest living tree that can survive for thousands of years! Gingko Biloba helps to stimulate cerebral circulation and oxygenation that results in increased clarity, alertness, memory, and overall brain function. Because it helps to widen blood vessels, which in turn speeds blood flow into the capillaries, Gingko can help with hearing and vision too.

    GLUCOSAMINE

    An amino sugar produced by the body necessary for the formulation of  synovial fluid (found in the joints). Glucosamine can help to repair and rebuild damaged cartilage in the joints.

    GLYCINE

    An amino acid which is of special value due to the supply it gives of creatine which is essential for muscle function, breaking down glycogen (a stored energy source of glucose) and freeing energy. It helps to provide antibodies thereby helping the immune system as well.

    GRAPE SEED EXTRACT

    A native natural plant product that is an extremely powerful antioxidant, is 50 times more powerful than vitamin E, and 20 times more powerful than vitamin C! Grape Seed Extract contains water-soluble flavanoids that become instantly bioavailable in the human body upon digestion. Due to its potency, Grape Seed helps to reconstruct collagen fibers in aging or damaged tissue by binding to the collagen fibers resulting in elasticity, and flexibility. It has been found to cross the blood brain barrier thereby providing antioxidant protection to the tissues in the central nervous system. Compared to Pine Bark, Grape Seed contains gallic esters which are the most active antioxidant component of proanthocyanidins.

    GUGGULIPID EXTRACT

    An extract from the "guggul plant", it has been used in helping to lower cholesterol and aid in weight loss. Guggulipid? Extract helps to reduce the stickiness of blood platelets.

    GYMNEMA SYLVESTRE

    A stout, large, woody, climbing plant which grows abundantly in central and southern India. This herb has been shown to help regulate blood sugar levels in animal tests.

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    - H -

    HAWTHORN BERRY

    Used in traditional Chinese practices for thousands of years, Hawthorn is an adaptogen and circulatory tonic which helps to build heart tone, aid circulation, and keep the heart muscle strong. Hawthorn has been shown to help aid the body in burning of excess calories.

    HOLISTICALLY BALANCED

    Holistically Balanced™ is a term used to define a botanical extract that has been manufactured using a cold-extraction, or Bio-Chelated® process. The resulting botanical extract is as potent and complete as the plant was in its natural state for maximum bio-availability.

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    HORSETAIL

    Also known as “shavegrass”, this herb was used by Native Americans to promote wound healing. Horsetail contains high concentrates of silica and calcium which help to promote collagen formation, and strengthen teeth, bones, hair, nail, and skin. Horsetail also helps to increase calcium absorption.

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    - I -

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    - J -

    JERUSALEM ARTICHOKE

    A mildly sweet, pleasant tasting plant which is rich in potassium, iron, and dietary fiber. It is one of the richest sources of FOS (see fructo-oliggosacharides). The artichoke, along with the tomato, cucumber, and green bean, contains the lowest concentrates of lead and mercury in comparison to soft vegetables such as lettuce, parsley, etc. Artichoke also contains the extract cymarin, which is similar to silymarin (see Milk Thistle), a great protection against liver conditions.

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    - L -

     

    LECITHIN

    Found in every living cell, with the highest concentration found in the brain, heart, liver, and kidneys; Lecithin is primarily an emulsifier and a brain tonic. The brain is actually 30% Lecithin in dry composition! As an emulsifier, Lecithin in the bloodstream helps prevent
    cholesterol from accumulating on the walls of the arteries, and helps to dissolve deposits that already exist. Lecithin is a bi-polar molecule, one that contains fatty acids on one end attracting oil, while the other end contains phosphorus and nitrogen to attract water. It has the ability to keep fat like particles in a clear solution while they journey through the arteries (a water environment) so they are unable to form dangerous deposits on the walls of blood vessels. Lecithin also helps to metabolize fat (especially clogging fat) in the liver and remove fatty liver deposits which in turn lessens the chance of liver degeneration. Lecithin helps to promote a healthier liver and a more youthful metabolic process. In the intestinal tract, Lecithin helps with the absorption of fat soluble nutrients such as Vitamins A, D, E, and K. As a brain tonic, Lecithin provides choline which has a prompt effect on the ability of the brain to make an important chemical for nerve signal transmission which is called acetylcholine. This in turn is able to cross the blood-brain barrier that has a positive effect on the production of chemical signals in the brain. The result is improved memory, thinking ability, and muscle control. In addition to these, the acetylcholine also helps to stimulate peristaltic movement in the colon that aids colon function.

    LICORICE ROOT

    A popular herb used by the ancient Greeks, Licorice is one of the most widely used plants in the world. It helps to enhance microcirculation in the lining of the gastrointestinal tract. Licorice also helps to cleanse the colon, maintain proper blood sugar balance, balance hormone levels, and fight fatigue by having a positive effect on adrenal gland function. Licorice’s phytochemical qualities keep cancer cells from dividing.

    LYSINE

    A wonderful amino acid, Lysine helps to improve concentration and mental alertness. It utilizes fatty acids required in energy production, making it easier to burn fat and build muscle protein. Lysine helps to repair tissue, maintain nitrogen balance, help calcium absorption, and is the essential building block for all protein.

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    - M -

    MAITAKE MUSHROOM

    Meaning “dancing” in Japanese, Maitake got this name from the villagers who danced with joy upon discovering this edible, powerful, mushroom. With both the United States and Japan doing numerous studies and extensive research, this food has been found to contain a number of healthful properties! Studies have shown this mushroom to be more powerful than any other in regard to immune system enhancement. Maitake aids in lowering blood pressure, as well as inhibiting the escalation of blood glucose levels.

    METHIONINE

    This amino acid helps to assist in the breakdown of fats, as well as preventing fat buildup in the liver and arteries which obstructs blood flow to the brain, heart, and kidneys. Methionine helps the digestive system interact with other substances to detoxify harmful agents, and helps prevent brittle hair.

    MILK THISTLE

    Considered the “Liver Herb”, Milk Thistle contains an active component called silymarin, which is a powerful flavanoid that helps to protect the liver from damaging agents such as alcohol, chemical toxins, poisons, and pollutants. This flavanoid encourages liver cells to regenerate, helps to increase the flow of bile in the liver, thereby helping to keep the liver healthy and strong. Liver health is essential for optimal enzyme production and energy.

    MOMORDICA CHARANTIA

    Also known as bitter gourd, which is indigenous throughout Central and South America. Momordica is a climbing, smooth, annual vine with yellow flowers. In 1979 Indian biochemists reported great results when extracts were given to animal and human volunteers whereby a substantial lowering of blood sugar levels were observed.

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    - N -

    NORWEGIAN SEA KELP

    This kelp is from the familiar family of brown seaweed that grows in large beds just below the surface of the water. It draws nutrients only from the sun and water, and when harvested will grow back within only 10 days. Kelp contains almost every mineral and trace mineral needed for human existence, as well as vitamins and amino acids. It contains wonderful radiation protection properties. Being a principle source of iodine, Kelp helps to promote proper thyroid function, provide energy, and helps to burn food so it is not stored as fat. It is helpful to the membranes that surround the brain called sensory nerves, brain tissue, and spinal cord because it promotes needed circulation.

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    - O -

    OCTACASONAL

    A powerful nutritive, Octacasonal has been shown to help support endurance, brain and nerve activity, and possibly even fertility.

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    PAU D’ARCO

    A South American herb used by the Incas, this herb contains strong, adaptogenic properties. It helps to guard against intestinal parasites, build up the immune system, cleanse the blood, as well as helping to improve gastrointestinal utilization of nutrients.

    PROBIOTICS

    Commonly known as “friendly intestinal bacteria”, these various strains fortify the intestinal tract, and break down proteins, fats and starches to make sure these nutrients are absorbed properly. These probiotics manufacture natural antibiotics that destroy pathogenic (disease causing) bacteria. Probiotics need to have food to live and thrive on, because the goal is
    to make sure they multiply in your system and act as “the army“. Their preferred food source is FOS (fructo-oligosaccharides).

    PYCNOGENOL (pinebark extract)

    A rich source of a bioavailable flavanol: proanthocyanidins, which is found in bark of the Pinus maritina; a pine tree in Southern France. The extraction procedure was patented in 1982 by professor Jacques Masquelier, to help fight the harmful biological effects of free radicals. Pycnogenol? helps to protect brain and nerve tissues, improve circulation, and reduce inflammation. Because it is able to bond to collagen; it helps to promote skin elasticity. It is able to cross the blood-brain barrier. It is a water soluble nutrient and is absorbed in about 20 minutes into the bloodstream. The protective effects diminish after about 72 hours, so it should be taken daily for optimal protection.

    PYRUVATE

    Primarily found in fruits and vegetables, pyruvate is a by-product of  metabolism. Pyruvate helps in the transport of glucose into the muscle cells in a process called glucose extraction. This allows for improved exercise and performance as well as helping to increase the resting metabolic rate and fat utilization naturally.

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    RED DULSE

    A powerful sea vegetable, Red Dulse is rich in boron, calcium, potassium, and magnesium. It is on of the richest natural sources of iron. Sea vegetables contain more minerals than land plants. Studies using red marine sea vegetables are quite promising in regards to helping control and even prevent many viruses.

    REISHI MUSHROOM

    Originally used in China as a food to “lengthen life” it has been used to help prevent serious damage to organs and to quicken recovery from  dis-ease (not at “ease”). In Japan it is called “lucky fingers” and has been used there for 3000 years, while in America it is just being discovered. The Reishi mushroom is adaptogenic, helps to strengthen the heart, protect the liver, normalize blood pressure, support adrenal function, and help enhance the immune system by increasing the production of “interleukin-1”.

    RICE BRAN

    Rice Bran is an excellent food that provides both soluble and insoluble fiber, natural
    vitamin E, a full complex of B vitamins, and is a good source of silica (which helps to keep hair, skin, nails, etc. healthy and strong). Rice Bran helps to regulate blood sugar levels, lower cholesterol, and remove toxins from the body.

    ROSEMARY

    A wonderful circulatory herb which has been shown to be helpful for muscular pain.

    ROSE HIPS

    A wonderful adaptogen, Rose Hips are extremely high in vitamin C, with all of that vitamin’s known benefits.

    ROYAL JELLY

    Called the “bee’s milk”, Royal Jelly is a concentrated superfood responsible for turning an ordinary worker bee into a reproductive dynamo: The Queen Bee! Royal Jelly is the queen bee’s only source of food that results in her growing 60% larger and living 5 years, compared to her genetically identical sister bee whose life span is not even 2 months. This wonderful superfood is loaded with antioxidants, and contains 18 amino acids, all B complex vitamins (especially B5, pantothenic acid) and is the only natural source of pure acetylcholine. It helps to promote healing, increase stamina, and is a complete food.

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    SEA CUCUMBER

    The defensive toxin in this marine organism has been found to provide relief from inflammation. These toxins are about 25 times more effective than aspirin and have a greater lasting effect as well.

    SHIITAKE MUSHROOM

    In the orient, this powerful mushroom is used as both a food and an agent to enhance the immune system and the natural protective defenses of the body. It is an immunostimulant that helps to boost the production of macrophages in your immune system.

    SIBERIAN GINSENG

    Ginseng is immune supportive, helps to detoxify the body of poisons and waste materials, and to increase energy and endurance. Ginseng contains germanium which helps to improve oxygen utilization. Ginseng has been used for centuries to balance the body’s energy by strengthening the adrenal glands and normalizing blood pressure.

    SLIPPERY ELM BARK

    A powerful nutritive and emollient, this herb possesses great strength and healing qualities. When in contact with water, mucilage cells of the bark swell and produces a lubricating emollient that helps to reduce and soothe mucous membranes. Slippery Elm is also a great source of calcium.

    SOY

    The Chinese were the first to use Soy as a staple part of their diet. They named it “ta tou” which means “great bean”. It was introduced to Japan around 100 A.D., and then to Europe in 1500 A.D. Soy is an extremely powerful food source abundantly rich in phytochemicals (isolated compounds derived from plant sources that provide powerful protective food factors). Soy contains 4 key components: 1) Genistein- compounds that help to inhibit angiogenesis (growth of new blood vessels essential for tumor growth) 2) Phytic Acids- compounds found to inhibit tumor growth in lab animals. 3) Isoflavones- compounds similar to natural estrogen that helps to inhibit the production of excess human estrogen that is known to promote breast cancer. 4) Protease Inhibitors- compounds that may help block cancer-causing enzymes. When we look at Japan, a country that is probably the largest consumer of soy, the comparisons of health are astounding! 1) Japanese people have the longest life span of any nation in the world! 2) American women are 4 times more likely to die from breast cancer than Japanese women. 3) American men are 5 times more likely to die from prostate cancer than Japanese men. 4) The United States provides half of the worlds soybeans, making it the largest cash crop. In addition to that, most of this soy is exported to Japan. Doesn’t this give you some “food for thought?”

    SPINACH

    A wonderful source of calcium and iron, Spinach contains large amounts of Lutein, which is an antioxidant that has been shown to help prevent age related macular degeneration, (breakdown of tissues relating to vision).

    SPIRULINA

    The most nutrient rich of all blue-green algae, Spirulina is 4 billion years old, and was the first photosynthetic life form on this planet! It helped to create the earth’s oxygen atmosphere. Spirulina grows wild, however most manufacturers use Spirulina that is farmed in a controlled environment which helps to secure that it grows fresh and clean without any toxic invasion. Spirulina contains potent antioxidants and is rich in the following nutrients:

    Beta-Carotene: Spirulina is a potent source of beta-carotene providing 10 times more than that found in carrots! Beta-carotene yields the most vitamin A which is needed for growth, tissue healing, repair, etc. It is also a very potent antioxidant that helps to protect cell membranes and tissue lining from irritating effects of free radicals (unstable molecules) by neutralizing them. Epidemiological evidence is sufficient to suggest that foods rich in carotene or vitamin A are associated with a reduced risk of cancer (as noted by the National Academy of Sciences).

    Vitamin B12: Spirulina is a rich source of B12, providing 2 times more than that found in the liver. It has been called the “spark plug vitamin” of the body due to how it aids in cell formation, development, growth, and longevity. It is needed for proper food absorption,
    digestion, protein synthesis, and metabolization of  carbohydrates. B12 contains an essential mineral called cobalt which is needed for healthy red blood cells and for protection against anemia.

    Bilirubin: Spirulina contains a pre-digestive bile in the cellular walls. It combines with lecithin to form liposomes that greatly enhances nutrient absorption by forming a surfectant around the nutrients, which means there is no surface tension around the nutrients so they are more easily absorbed in the mucosa layer of the small intestine.

    Chlorophyll: Spirulina is 1.1% chlorophyll which helps to purify the lungs, liver, and colon. It also helps to clean cells and acts as a germicide in the mouth, throat, and stomach. Chlorophyll is known to help detoxify and deodorize the entire gastrointestinal tract.

    G.L.A. (gamma-linoleic acid): Spirulina is high in GLA that is an EFA (essential fatty acid the same type of oil in the evening primrose plant). GLA is known to be an anti-inflammatory, helps in the prevention of heart dis-ease, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol.

    Iron: Spirulina is one of nature’s best natural sources of iron. It is almost 20 times higher than that of other common iron foods. Iron is essential for strong red blood cells and a healthy immune system.

    S.O.D. (super oxide dismutase): S.O.D. is a potent antioxidant enzyme that helps to protect cellular integrity from free radical attacks while reducing the rate of cell destruction. S.O.D. also helps to aid the body’s utilization of zinc, copper, and manganese. It is now known that cellular extracts from cultured blue-green algae help to protect human T-cells. These compounds are found within the structures of chloroplast membranes and occur widely in all plants which conduct photosynthesis.

    STEVIA

    Being 30 times sweeter than sugar but containing no calories, Stevia has been used as a sweetener in Paraguay for over 1500 years! Stevia does not adversely affect glucose levels and may be used freely by those who have problems with blood sugar levels. Unlike artificial sweeteners, the sweet glycosides do not break down in heat that makes Stevia an excellent sweetener for cooking and baking.

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    TOMATO

    The richest source of a phytochemical called Lycopene, which is a red carotenoid, that is a powerful antioxidant, up to 10 times more powerful than beta carotene, which scavenges free radicals, thus inhibiting cellular destruction. Lycopene is a preventive factor against one of the primary causes of heart dis-ease because it inhibits the oxidation of LDL cholesterol to its atherogenic form. Studies are now showing that Lycopene can decrease the risk of getting several types of cancer.

    TRIBULUS TERRESTRIS

    A perennial trailing vine, T. Terrestris is native to India and parts of the African continent. The T. Tribulus root contains large quantities of potassium. Potassium helps to regulate the heartbeat, assist in muscle contractions, regulate the transfer of nutrients to cells such as oxygen to the brain and calcium to the nervous system and helps to regulate the water balance in the body as well. T. Terrestris has been used by the Chinese as an aphrodisiac, which has similar properties as those in Ginseng. The ancient Greeks recognized it as a useful diuretic.

    TRIPHALA EXTRACT

    A combination of three ayurvedic herbs: amla (Indian gooseberry), behada, and harada. All have been found to help lower cholesterol and aid in weight loss.

    TUMERIC (CURCUMINOIDS)

    The phenolics present in this popular spice have been shown to help reduce inflammation.

    TYROSINE

    A powerful amino acid that plays an important role in adrenal, pituitary, and thyroid gland functions. Tyrosine helps to fight fatigue, suppress appetite, and reduce body fat.

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    UVA-URSI

    An adaptogen, and health tonic, this special herb helps with the spleen, liver, pancreas, small intestine, as well as helping to strengthen the heart muscle. Uva-Ursi is also a great urinary antiseptic.

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    WATERCRESS

    This herb helps the body utilize oxygen, stimulate the rate of metabolism, increase physical endurance and stamina, and helps to improve heart response. Watercress also helps stop the formation of gas, aids in digestion, and promotes overall healthy kidney function.

    WHEAT GRASS

    A powerful superfood which contains over 90 minerals, including manganese, calcium, selenium, and many more, Wheat Grass has a greater percent of protein than eggs. It has a molecular structure that closely resembles hemoglobin (oxygen carrying protein of red blood cells) which may be the reason why the chlorophyll it contains is so effective on the human body, by helping it to detoxify and cleanse. Wheat Grass contains no “wheat”, it is the young plant which is used before any “gluten” is formed. Those with wheat allergies have no problem.

    WHITE WILLOW BARK

    This bark is known as “herbal aspirin” because it contains a chemical called “salicin” (which eventually became used by the Bayer Company, they made it into acetylsalicylic acid which is used in Bayer Aspirin).

    WILD YAM

    Wild Yam has many rejuvenating effects. It is a natural source of DHEA, which acts as a balancer for the glandular systems in the body. It is now being researched extensively, and new benefits are being discovered.

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    YUCCA

    This contains steroidal saponins that have been shown helpful in flushing excess fluids out of the system resulting in better flexibility.

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    GLOSSARY

    Antioxidants
    Group of vitamins, minerals, enzymes, phyto-nutrients, and phyto-chemicals that help to protect the body from free radicals that are a result of  pollutants, pesticides, antibiotics, etc.

    Adaptogen
    That which helps to boost, balance, and normalize functions in the body.

    Bioflavanoids
    Sometimes referred to as vitamin P, these help to enhance the absorption of vitamin C. The human body does not produce these so they must be supplied by the diet. They help to promote circulation, stimulate bile production, and act with vitamin C to preserve and protect the structure of capillary blood vessels.

    Demulcent
    Helps to soothe and relieve internal inflammation.

    Emollient
    Helps to soothe and soften inflamed tissue.

    Free Radicals
    A single or group of unstable molecules/atoms that can cause damage to cells that can lead to breakdown and disease. Picture what happens to an apple when you cut it up and leave it out; it turns brown, practically “rusts”. Exposure to the oxygen in the air is what caused this to happen. In a similar way, unstable oxygen molecules in your body are the “free radicals” that cause your unprotected organs to “rust” and breakdown.

    Phytochemicals
    Literally meaning, “plant chemicals”, phytochemicals are protective food factors derived from a variety of plant sources which have powerful health benefits. Wherever there is plant life, phytochemicals protect plants from enemies in the environment like bacteria, viruses, radiation, and even bugs. Research is now showing that we can benefit from these life-sustaining qualities as well! Plants have been here much longer than man and know much more about survival. Research indicates that phytochemicals can provide protection against different cancers.

    Tonic
    A product that is strengthening and invigorating.

    VITAMINS

    Vitamins are organic chemicals that are necessary for growth, metabolism, and overall health and well being. Vitamins originate in food, and are categorized as either fat soluble
    (can be stored for long periods of time in the body) or water-soluble (cannot be stored, must be replenished daily.)

    VITAMIN A (Beta Carotene)
    This fat-soluble vitamin is essential for cell growth, development, reproduction, and immunity. It is stored primarily in the liver and is considered one of the most potent antioxidants.

    VITAMIN B1 (Thiamine)
    This water-soluble vitamin is beneficial for the nervous system. It helps to convert blood sugar (glucose) into energy.

    VITAMIN B2 (Riboflavin)
    This water-soluble vitamin helps with energy production. It must be replaced constantly. It is the most common deficiency.

    VITAMIN B3 (Niacin)
    This water-soluble vitamin is a major player against heart dis-ease. It helps to lower cholesterol and blood pressure.

    VITAMIN B6 (Pyridoxine))
    This water-soluble vitamin goes through the body in only 8 hours. It is needed for red blood cell production, and cellular growth. It also plays a key role in the immune system and antibody production.

    VITAMIN B12 (Cyanocobalamin)
    This water-soluble vitamin is known for the energizing capabilities it provides. It is essential for nerve tissue, promotes growth, memory, and regenerates red blood cells.

    VITAMIN B15 (Pantothenic Acid)
    This water-soluble vitamin helps protect against cardiovascular dis-ease as well as helping with symptoms of arthritis. It helps encourage healing, protects the liver and immune system.

    BIOTIN
    This water-soluble vitamin is essential for the metabolism of vitamin C, fat, and protein. It helps with healthy hair, skin, and nails.

    VITAMIN C
    This water-soluble vitamin is essential for the formation of collagen (exists between cells to hold tissue together). It is necessary for growth and integrity of bones, blood vessels, teeth, and gums. Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant and has many powerful properties; immune system enhancement, anti-cancer, prevention of blood clots.

    VITAMIN D
    This is a fat-soluble vitamin that the skin can produce on its own when exposed to direct sunlight. In only 15 minutes a day, your body can manufacture all it needs. It is not very abundant in food, and is stored in the liver for future use.

    VITAMIN E
    This fat-soluble vitamin is stored in many places; the heart, liver, reproductive organs, fatty tissue, and muscles. It basically works for the nervous system. It is a potent antioxidant, and helps to combat heart disease, by keeping good cholesterol (HDL) high, blood thin, and blood pressure low.

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